William Shakespeare was an English poet, playwright, and actor. He was born on 26 April 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon.
His father was a successful local businessman and his mother was the daughter of a landowner. Shakespeare is widely
regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist. He is often called
England's national poet and nicknamed the Bard of Avon. He wrote about 38 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative
poems, and a few other verses, of which the authorship of some is uncertain. His plays have been translated into every
major living language and are performed more often than those of any other playwright.
Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway at the age of 18 She was eight years older than him. They had three children:
Susanna, and twins Hamnet and Judith. After his marriage information about his life became very rare. But he is thought
to have spent most of his time in London writing and performing in his plays. Between 1585 and 1592, he began a
successful career in London as an actor, writer, and part-owner of a playing company called the Lord Chamberlain's Men,
later known as the King's Men.
Shakespeare produced most of his known work between 1589 and 1613 His early plays were mainly comedies and
histories and these works remain regarded as some of the best work produced in these genres. He then wrote mainly
tragedies until about 1608, including Hamlet, Othello, King Lear, and Macbeth, considered some of the finest works in the
English language. In his last phase, he wrote tragicomedies, also known as romances, and collaborated with other
Shakespeare's plays remain highly popular today and are constantly studied, performed, and reinterpreted in diverse
cultural and political contexts throughout the world.